From the APS Journal Archive: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder : Endophenotypes, Structure, and Etiological Pathways

‘Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Endophenotypes, Structure, and Etiological Pathways’ by Joel T. Nigg1 was published in Current Directions in Psychological Science in February 2010 and has been cited 6 times (via Web of Science) since publication.

Click here to read the article in full.


Several lines of research are revising our picture of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). I highlight four emerging themes. First, models from temperament and personality research have been fruitful in clarifying the basic pathways to ADHD and their relation to typical development. Second, many kinds of attention are normal in ADHD, but cognitive control and vigilance are not. These last two are among present candidates for clinical markers that may help identify causes of ADHD. Third, any one cognitive marker pertains to only a subset of the ADHD population; the syndrome’s heterogeneity increasingly is a focus of research. Fourth, along with energetic pursuit of genes related to ADHD, resurgent interest in environmental causes of ADHD is notable. New insights into environmental effects are illustrated by recent data concerning lead exposure and ADHD.

1Oregon Health & Science University

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